The Temporomandibular Joint is the hinge joint that connects the temporal bone of the skull to the lower jaw (mandible). It is just in front of the ears. These joints allow you to talk, chew and yawn. Muscles attached to the joint control the position and movement of the joint.
What is the Temporomandibular Joint?
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD) is injury to the jaw or muscles of the head and neck, and can result in mild facial discomfort to incapacitating facial, headache, neck, ear, and occasional top of the shoulder pain. Common causes include:
- Whiplash or trauma to the face/neck
- Poor Posture
- Missing teeth or malocclusions
- Grinding or clenching the teeth
- Dislocation of the soft cushion or disc in the joint
- Stress, which can cause tightening of facial, jaw and neck muscles
At Highline Physical Therapy, we have therapists that specialize in the evaluation and treatment of TMD. We utilize manual therapy techniques, modalities, and exercise programs to:
- Relieve pain
- Decrease muscle spasm and stiffness
- Improve range of motion
- Restore normal TMJ function